amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

The Effect of Budget Sequestration on Global Health: Projecting the Human Impact in Fiscal Year 2013

The Budget Control Act of 2011 requires Congress to identify at least $1.2 trillion in deficit reductions over the next decade. The Act established a bipartisan Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction that was charged with proposing a plan for consideration by Congress by November 23, 2011. Because a plan could not be agreed upon by the deadline, an enforcement mechanism resulting in across-the-board reductions to both defense and non-defense spending via sequestration is scheduled to begin in January 2013, and to continue each year thereafter until 2021.

A proportionate cut in U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) funding through sequestration would have minimal impact on deficit reduction, representing only 0.63 percent of the total $109 billion required in deficit reduction for fiscal year 2013. The human impact of such cuts in U.S. investments, however, would be devastating. If this enforcement mechanism is triggered at the projected 8.4 percent level across the board, nearly $689 million will be cut from global health programs and services, a reduction of nearly 10 percent from fiscal year 2012 appropriations.

This issue brief estimates the human impact of sequestration in FY 2013 on global health programs including HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and children’s vaccines. It also updates an amfAR analysis released last year, providing more up-to-date estimates of impact.

Click here to view the issue brief.