Is PEPFAR Funding for Key Populations Aligned with the Epidemiologic Burden?
Key populations (KPs)*—gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM); people who inject
drugs (PWID), female sex workers (FSW); and transgender people (TG)—are at significantly higher risk
for HIV, face a higher burden of disease, have less access to services, are frequently the target of stigma
and discrimination, and are criminalized in many countries. Sustaining progress in fighting the epidemic will
require focused attention and resources targeting KPs. A research team at amfAR recently evaluated the
extent to which funds from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) were allocated to
programs targeting KPs in proportion to their epidemic burden.
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